Dude, where's my php.ini?

A few years ago I installed Apache 2.2x and PHP 5.3.1 on a Linux server I maintain. I used .tar.gz’s and built them as instructed (instead of rpms and what-have-you). And all was fine.

Today I need to install this which seems like a PHP library. I went through all the steps up to make install, and I find ibm_db2.so in $PHP_HOME/lib/extensions/somecomplicatedname/ibm_db2.so

The great catch is the last step is to configure php.ini but there is NO php.ini on my system. Horror of horrors. PHP works fine, except of course for this new-fangled ibm_db2 thingamagic that I want to use so somebody can use a GUI to tinker with DB2 . (I tried a small php script which fails and indicates that the ibm_db2 functions are not available).

I have to deal with PHP once every few years, so please enlighten me at a very basic level about what I could do to enable web-based GUI access to DB2 .

On the command line execute:

php --ini

You will get something like:

Configuration File (php.ini) Path: /etc/php5/cli
Loaded Configuration File:         /etc/php5/cli/php.ini
Scan for additional .ini files in: /etc/php5/cli/conf.d
Additional .ini files parsed:      /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/curl.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/pdo.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/pdo_sqlite.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/sqlite.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/sqlite3.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/xdebug.ini,
/etc/php5/cli/conf.d/xsl.ini

That’s from my local dev-machine. However, the second line is the interesting one. If there is nothing mentioned, have a look at the first one. That is the path, where PHP looks for the php.ini .

You can grep the same information using phpinfo() in a script and call it with a browser. Its mentioned in the first block of the output. php -i does the same for the command line, but its quite uncomfortable.