How can I handle http requests of different methods to / in Go?

I’m trying to figure out the best way to handle requests to / and only / in Go and handle different methods in different ways. Here’s the best I’ve come up with:

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "html"
    "log"
    "net/http"
)

func main() {
    http.HandleFunc("/", func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        if r.URL.Path != "/" {
            http.NotFound(w, r)
            return
        }

        if r.Method == "GET" {
            fmt.Fprintf(w, "GET, %q", html.EscapeString(r.URL.Path))
        } else if r.Method == "POST" {
            fmt.Fprintf(w, "POST, %q", html.EscapeString(r.URL.Path))
        } else {
            http.Error(w, "Invalid request method.", 405)
        }
    })

    log.Fatal(http.ListenAndServe(":8080", nil))
}

Is this idiomatic Go? Is this the best I can do with the standard http lib? I’d much rather do something like http.HandleGet("/", handler) as in express or Sinatra. Is there a good framework for writing simple REST services? web.go looks attractive but appears stagnant.

Thank you for your advice.

1 Like

To ensure that you only serve the root: You’re doing the right thing. In some cases you would want to call the ServeHttp method of an http.FileServer object instead of calling NotFound; it depends whether you have miscellaneous files that you want to serve as well.

To handle different methods differently: Many of my HTTP handlers contain nothing but a switch statement like this:

switch r.Method {
case http.MethodGet:
    // Serve the resource.
case http.MethodPost:
    // Create a new record.
case http.MethodPut:
    // Update an existing record.
case http.MethodDelete:
    // Remove the record.
default:
    // Give an error message.
}

Of course, you may find that a third-party package like gorilla works better for you.