How to check whether an array is empty using PHP?

How to check whether an array is empty using PHP?

An empty array can sometimes cause software crash or unexpected outputs. To avoid this, it is better to check whether an array is empty or not beforehand. There are various methods and functions available in PHP to check whether the defined or given array is an empty or not. Some of them are given below:

  1. Using empty() Function: This function determines whether a given variable is empty. This function does not return a warning if a variable does not exist. Syntax:

bool empty( $var )

Example:

<?php 

// Declare an array and initialize it 
$non_empty_array = array('URL' => 'https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/'); 

// Declare an empty array 
$empty_array = array(); 

// Condition to check array is empty or not 
if(!empty($non_empty_array)) 
	echo "Given Array is not empty <br>"; 

if(empty($empty_array)) 
	echo "Given Array is empty"; 
?> 

Output:

  Given Array is not empty
  Given Array is empty
  1. Using count Function: This function counts all the elements in an array. If number of elements in array is zero, then it will display empty array. Syntax:

int count( $array_or_countable )

Example:

<?php 

// Declare an empty array 
$empty_array = array(); 

// Function to count array 
// element and use condition 
if(count($empty_array) == 0) 
	echo "Array is empty"; 
else
	echo "Array is non- empty"; 
?> 

Output:

  Array is empty
  1. Using sizeof() function: This method check the size of array. If the size of array is zero then array is empty otherwise array is not empty.

Example:

<?php 

// Declare an empty array 
$empty_array = array(); 

// Use array index to check 
// array is empty or not 
if( sizeof($empty_array) == 0 ) 
	echo "Empty Array"; 
else
	echo "Non-Empty Array"; 
?> 

Output:

Empty Array

Refer: www.geeksforgeeks.org