How to make a chain of function decorators?

How can I make two decorators in Python that would do the following?

@makebold
@makeitalic
def say():
   return "Hello"

…which should return:

"<b><i>Hello</i></b>"

I’m not trying to make HTML this way in a real application - just trying to understand how decorators and decorator chaining works.

1 Like

Check out the documentation to see how decorators work. Here is what you asked for:

from functools import wraps

def makebold(fn):
    @wraps(fn)
    def wrapped(*args, **kwargs):
        return "<b>" + fn(*args, **kwargs) + "</b>"
    return wrapped

def makeitalic(fn):
    @wraps(fn)
    def wrapped(*args, **kwargs):
        return "<i>" + fn(*args, **kwargs) + "</i>"
    return wrapped

@makebold
@makeitalic
def hello():
    return "hello world"

@makebold
@makeitalic
def log(s):
    return s

print hello()        # returns "<b><i>hello world</i></b>"
print hello.__name__ # with functools.wraps() this returns "hello"
print log('hello')   # returns "<b><i>hello</i></b>"

Refer: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/739654/how-to-make-a-chain-of-function-decorators